Xi Stresses Internet Innovation, Security
发 布: ggjxb 发布时间: 2016-10-11 点击率: 132
            Xi Stresses Internet Innovation, Security
Pub Date:16-10-10 08:31 Source:Xinhua

Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, has called for more independent innovation in the Internet and information technology, as well as enhanced cyberspace security.
Xi made the remarks Sunday afternoon at a study session attended by members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.
He called for the construction of a safe and controllable information technology system, and for major breakthroughs in the fields of high-performance computing, mobile communication, quantum communication, core chips and operating systems.
At the meeting, Xi said the digital economy should play a greater role in pushing forward economic development and that the country's Internet management and cyberspace security defense should also be enhanced.
The Internet and information technology should be better used to advance social governance, Xi said, calling for a greater voice from China in setting the rules of the Internet, as well as greater efforts to build China into an Internet power.
At the session, Wei Shaojun, director of the Institute of Microelectronics at Tsinghua University, gave a lecture on China's strategy on developing Internet power.
Noting that the Internet and information technology are developing rapidly and increasingly integrated with society, Xi warned of the gap between China and the world's frontiers in relevant fields.
"We should work with solidarity in mind, improve our knowledge and strengthen strategic planning," he said.
Xi said Internet and information technology is a "highland" of global technological innovation and a magnet for research and development investment around the world.
He called on relevant industries in China to concentrate on developing core technologies and enhancing security defence measures for key information infrastructure.
Xi called for greater investment in information infrastructure, increased integration of the Internet and the real economy, and better development of the digital economy, so as to create new space for economic growth.
Given the rising power of the Internet in mobilizing people, Xi said that efforts should be made to ensure that "positive energy," which means bright and patriotic information, circulates in cyberspace.
As Internet-based communication highlights interaction, first-hand experience and sharing, it should be used to give voice to the public, to benefit their livelihood and address their concerns, Xi said.
Efforts should be made to uphold cyber security, as well as to safeguard the integrity, safety and reliability of Internet data, Xi said.
Development of the Internet has also prompted social governance to shift from pure government supervision to greater emphasis on coordinated governance across society, Xi said, calling for the building of a national center of big data to promote coordinated management across different administerial levels, regions, departments and businesses.
The Internet should be used to encourage scientific decision-making by governments, as well as to enhance social governance and efficient public services, Xi said.
Xi stressed the importance of confidently safeguarding the sovereignty of China's cyberspace and explicitly expressing China's assertions.
He also asked officials at all levels to learn, understand and use the Internet. "Officials, particularly the high-ranking ones, cannot work efficiently without Internet know-how or proper understanding of the Internet," Xi said.
Officials should build up their understanding of the rules of the Internet, be more capable of guiding public opinion on the Internet, lead information technology development and guarantee cyber security, Xi said.
Ancient Hui-Style Architecture Reappears in US
Pub Date:16-10-10 08:31 Source: People's Daily
Yin Yu Tang, an ancient Chinese house with a history of more than 200 years, has become the most honored collection among the historical architectural protection listing of the Peabody Essex Museum in the United States since it was transferred in the late 1990s from its original place in central China's Anhui Province and rebuilt in the new location across the oceans.
The huge relocation project proceeded according to an agreement signed between the two countries, the Chengdu Economic Daily reported on Tuesday.
Origin and evolution of ancient Chinese residence
Yin Yu Tang was built between 1800 and 1825 and originally located at the small village of Huangcun near Huangshan Mountain in Anhui Province. The region is well known throughout the country for the success of its numerous merchants and the history of characteristic architecture. Many villages in the region are filled with ancient houses, some of which have been torn down to make way for modern structures.
Covering an area of more than 400 square meters, Yin Yu Tang was a spacious residence made up of 16 rooms and halls, a courtyard, a fish pond and exterior walls. It is an outstanding example of renowned Huizhou-style architecture, presenting such regional characteristics as "horse-head" exterior walls higher than the roofs; a "sky-well" interior courtyard enclosed by housing; and exquisite indoor wood, brick and stone carvings.
The owner of Yin Yu Tang was the Huang family whose succeeding generations lived here for nearly 200 years until the late 1980s, when its family members gradually moved away from their rural home to find jobs and live in modern buildings in surrounding towns and cities.
In 1996, Nancy Berliner, a scholar and curator of the Chinese Art and Culture Department of the Peabody Essex Museum, was travelling in China with her colleagues when she came upon the empty Yin Yu Tang house. She became captivated at first sight. During a return visit later that year, Huang family members happened to be there and decided immediately to put the house up for sale.
In a further confluence of events, the Huangshan Municipal Government was seeking assistance in an effort to increase public awareness of ancient architectural protection in the area. Promoted by Nancy Berliner, a plan of exhibiting Yin Yu Tang in the United States was soon supported by Fidelity, one the world's largest investment company, and its foundation as a cultural exchange program between the two sides. An agreement was signed for a US$125 million purchase package.
In 1997, Yin Yu Tang was dismantled and loaded on a ship piece by piece, including 2,735 woodworks, 972 pieces of stones, and all the indoor daily necessities and decorations. In February 1998, they were shipped to the United States and rebuilt in Salem, Massachusetts, according to its original appearance. In June 2003, it was included in the historical architectural list of the Peabody Essex Museum and has formally opened to the public.
Joys and sorrows for the fate of ancient buildings
According to the museum, Yin Yu Tang differs from the common run of buildings largely because its owners were not celebrities. In this way, American visitors can have a better understanding of the life of ordinary Chinese people and families. At the same time, the removal and reconstruction of the building provided Americans with a good opportunity to study ancient Chinese architecture.
Staff workers of the museum have done their utmost to maintain the integrity of this ancient Chinese house. A team composed of Chinese and American scholars and experts in architectural protection, traditional craftsmen and artists have worked together in the past two decades for the relocation and protection of Yi Yu Tang.
Moreover, the museum has also designed and opened an interactive website of Yin Yu Tang to provide online visitors with relevant background information, including its history, architectural layout and indoor decorations, together with many pictures and videos.
Before Yin Yu Tan was dismantled, several Huang family members gathered to honor their ancestors who had built the house and to inform them it was about to move to its  new location in the United States.
Huang Qiuhua, the 36th generation of Huang family, was deeply touched by what he saw and heard on his tour of the rebuilt Chinese home in Salem. "At that moment I thought I had passed through time and space, because in my memory our house has already been torn down. When it suddenly reappeared before my eyes, I felt very excited," he said.
With the removal of Yin Yu Tang, Huangcun -- the residence's original location in China --has become a tourist resort. People at home and abroad have been attracted to visit the place and learn about the reputed local architecture and culture.
Huang Jixian, 72, the only tourist guide of Huangcun, said he was the one with the best understanding of the history of the village. "There used to be many ancient residential houses in my village, but there are only four left," he said sadly.
According to a regulation on ancient relic protection implemented by the Anhui Provincial Government in September 1997, all the civilian buildings constructed before 1911 "with historical and artistic values" must not be dismantled or sold without approval of the relevant government departments.
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